Adrenal Cancer Treatment in Bangalore
Adrenal cancer is a neuroendocrine tumor originating from hormone-producing adrenal glands, controlling bodily functions like hair growth, blood pressure, and stress management. The condition develops in the cortex or medulla and can be severe. Doctors can prescribe treatments, and discussing options with family and friends is crucial. Support from loved ones is also essential during this difficult time.
Adrenocortical Carcinoma (ACC) is the most common adrenal cancer, originating in the cortex, while neuroblastoma affects infants and young children in the adrenal medulla.
Adrenal cancer risk is influenced by genetics, family history, carcinogen exposure, and radiation therapy. Women have a slightly higher risk, while family history, exposure, and radiation therapy may increase it. The exact cause is unknown, and research is ongoing to understand its underlying causes. Healthcare professionals are exploring risk factors and genetics. Consult a healthcare provider for personalized information.
The symptoms can vary. Below are few:
But common signs include changes in breast size, shape, contour, a small lump, persistent thickening in the breast or underarm, changes in skin appearance, redness, a distinct area, a hardened area under the skin, and blood-stained or clear fluid discharge from the nipple.
These symptoms can persist throughout the menstrual cycle and can be detected through various means.
Adrenal cancer diagnosis and treatment involve a medical history, physical examination, blood and urine tests, imaging studies, and biopsy. CT scans visualize the adrenal gland and identify abnormal growths, while MRI and ultrasound assess the glands and surrounding structures. A biopsy confirms the diagnosis, with various techniques available depending on the tumor’s size and location. Hormone testing and genetic testing may be recommended in cases of hereditary conditions. If confirmed, further tests, such as chest CT scans or imaging studies, determine the cancer’s extent and spread. Staging and evaluation are crucial steps in the treatment plan. Working with a team of experienced healthcare professionals is essential for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plans.
Localized adrenal cancer is treated through surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, hormone replacement therapy, and clinical trials. Surgery is the primary treatment, with complete adrenalectomy being the best chance of cure. Chemotherapy targets cancer cells, radiation therapy destroys them in the adrenal region, targeted therapy blocks specific cancer growth pathways, and hormone replacement therapy is essential for patients removing adrenal glands. Clinical trials offer experimental treatments and novel therapies. The treatment approach is individualized for each patient, and the best course of action is determined based on the cancer’s characteristics and overall health. Patients should seek care at specialized centers with experience in managing adrenal cancer. Regular follow-up visits and imaging scans are crucial to monitor treatment effectiveness and detect cancer recurrence.