Testicular Cancer Treatment in Bangalore
Testicular cancer, a male reproductive system cancer, affects the testicles and can cause symptoms like lumps, swelling, and pain in the scrotum. Risk factors include undescended testis, family history, and previous history. Over 95% of testicular tumors are germ cells, with other types including sex-cord stromal tumors and lymphomas. Diagnosis involves physical exams, ultrasound, and blood tests. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or stem cell transplantation. In 2015, it affected 686,000 people globally, resulting in 9,400 deaths.
Testicular cancer is a rare condition with risk factors like age, cryptorchidism, family history, race, and ethnicity, more common in young men and influenced by undescended testicles.
STAGE 0: Cancer is not invasive
STAGE 1: cancer is in testicles
STAGE 2: cancer has spread to lymph nodes
STAGE 3: cancer has spread to lungs and liver
A thorough medical history and physical examination are crucial for diagnosing testicular cancer. A physical examination examines testicles, scrotum, and lymph nodes for abnormalities, such as lumps or swelling. Scrotal ultrasounds are performed to create detailed images. Blood tests measure tumor markers, aiding in staging and monitoring treatment. If ultrasounds and blood tests indicate testicular cancer, a biopsy is performed to examine abnormal tissue. Staging is essential for determining the appropriate treatment plan.
Testicular cancer treatment varies based on type, stage, and patient health. Main options include surgery, surveillance, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, high-dose chemotherapy, stem cell transplant, and surgery for residual mass. Surgery is the primary treatment, followed by surveillance, blood tests, and imaging. Radiation therapy targets cancer cells that have spread to lymph nodes, while chemotherapy targets those beyond the testicle. Advanced cases require high-dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplants. A multidisciplinary approach is essential for comprehensive and effective care. Book appointment.